MARK ANTONY RAINES PODCAST RADIO STATION

Mark Anthony Raines Podcast Radio Station . .Popcorn for your Brain.Listen. Enjoy. Share. Follow

January 31st, 2018    

The ’super blue blood Moon’ across the world

Eyes around the globe have been turning to the skies to view the lunar event.

January 31st, 2018    

Jan 31, 2018 16:28 Holsworthy mark show audio from other sources Jonathan Downes on game monster hunter episode 97Holsworthy mark show Jonathan Downes talk about monster hunter episode 99

audio from other sources

January 31st, 2018    

Jan 31, 2018 16:03 Holsworthy mark show Items from the papers episode 98

items from the papers

January 31st, 2018    

Killer whale says ‘hello’

A killer whale is taught to mimic words such as "hello" and "bye bye" in a scientific experiment.

January 31st, 2018    

Jan 31, 2018 15:14 Holsworthy mark show talking about monster hunter episode 97

http://www.syfy.com/syfywire/capcom-offering-cash-prize-for-evidence-of-cryptids

January 31st, 2018    

Cryonics: Your body preserved for future revival?

Arizona-based company Alcor offers cryonic preservation in the hope of reviving you in the future.

January 31st, 2018    

Super blue blood moon: Get ready for a rare celestial show

A very rare lunar event is due to occur on 31 January.

January 30th, 2018    

The make-up artist making designs with dead insects

Jasmine Ahumada, from California, attaches spiders and bees to her face to create her distinctive looks.

January 30th, 2018    

RSPB Minsmere winter starling murmuration

Starlings take to the skies to create a spectacular aerial ballet before settling on roost.

January 30th, 2018    

Jan 30, 2018 15:46 Holsworthy mark show talking about big cat report in daily star with jon downes and research cfz big cat reports or sightings in your area episode 96

January 30th, 2018    

Jan 30, 2018 15:17 Holsworthy mark show features audio from this morning talking to Gordon Smith and medium who talks to departed animals episode 95

audio from itv show this morning

January 29th, 2018    

Jan 29, 2018 16:13 Holsworthy mark show talking about items in the papers episode 94

items from the papers

January 29th, 2018    

Jan 29, 2018 15:51 Holsworthy mark show dementia information episode 93

dementia information

January 28th, 2018    

Jan 28, 2018 15:59 Holsworthy mark show are we not all the same episode 92

are we not all the same

January 26th, 2018    

Jan 26, 2018 16:27 Holsworthy mark show Items from the papers episode 91

items from the papers

January 25th, 2018    

Edible bandages for bears’ burnt paws

After two bears are injured in California wildfires, a creative solution to get them back on their feet.

January 25th, 2018    

Boris Johnson: Mummy is distant ancestor

Researchers have taken two years to identify a lady who lived 230 years ago.

January 25th, 2018    

Jan 25, 2018 16:25 Holsworthy mark show science news episode 90

science news

January 25th, 2018    

App shows water refill stations to tackle plastic waste

Thousands of water stations are being installed to tackle plastic use - with users able to find them via an app.

January 24th, 2018    

Cloned monkeys: First primate clones are created in lab

Two monkeys named Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua have become the first primates to be cloned.

January 24th, 2018    

NTAs: David Attenborough on Blue Planet II’s Impact

Sir David Attenborough's impassioned speech at the NTAs was all about protecting "our beautiful world".

January 24th, 2018    

Jan 24, 2018 16:13 Holsworthy mark show talking about items in the papers episode 89

items from the papers

January 24th, 2018    

Antarctica’s Weddell Sea ‘deserves protected status’

Scientists have called for special status to protect coral, penguins and other wildlife in Antarctica.

January 23rd, 2018    

Jan 23, 2018 16:00 Holsworthy mark show talking about being on lp by Xtul being mostly about elephants episode 88

Holsworthy mark show talking about being on lp by Xtul being mostly about elephants if you wish to know more seek out gonzo weekly a free online magazine.

January 22nd, 2018    

ISS cosmonaut does ‘test flight’ on a vacuum cleaner

Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov said he had many questions from people asking if it was possible.

January 22nd, 2018    

Jan 22, 2018 14:38 Holsworthy mark show talking about qi or chi or ki or lifeforce episode 87

talking about chi or qi or lifeforce https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/traditional-chinese-medicine/what-qi-and-other-concepts

January 21st, 2018    

Jan 21, 2018 15:15 Holsworthy mark show talking about universal credit episode episode 86

talking about universal credit.

January 20th, 2018    

Jan 20, 2018 15:24 Holsworthy mark show sample of still on the track and cfz TV production episode 85

sample of still on the track

January 20th, 2018    

Jan 20, 2018 15:12 Holsworthy mark show talking to Todd bonner bonner detroit paranormal expeditions episode 84

Todd bonner detroit paranormal expeditions

January 20th, 2018    

Jan 20, 2018 14:31 Holsworthy mark show talking to Jenn crockett episode 83

jenn crockett

January 19th, 2018    

The man risking his life to save pink dolphins

Fernando Trujillo works in dangerous areas of the Amazon to save the rare species.

January 19th, 2018    

Jan 19, 2018 15:59 Holsworthy mark show benefits of having a pet

benefits of having a pet and personal bit episode  82

January 19th, 2018    

Holsworthy mark show episode 81 science news

Holsworthy mark show episode  81 science news

January 19th, 2018    

Holsworthy mark show episode 80 cryptozoology

Cryptozoology 

January 19th, 2018    

Holsworthy mark show episode 79

 Bits and bobs 

January 19th, 2018    

Holsworthy mark show episode 78

2 second  podcast 

January 19th, 2018    

Jan 19, 2018 14:45 Holsworthy mark show talking about items in the papers episode 77

items from the papers

January 18th, 2018    

Holsworthy mark show text episode .episode 76

 

 
 
 

Maybe Rats Aren't to Blame for the Black Death

A provocative new study suggests that medieval plagues spread via fleas and lice on people.

01-black-plague-rats.adapt.710.1.jpg

 

A domestic rat (Rattus rattus) at the George M. Sutton Avian Research Center.

 

PHOTOGRAPH BY JOEL SARTORE, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC PHOTO ARK

Rats have long been blamed for spreading the parasites that transmitted plaguethroughout medieval Europe and Asia, killing millions of people. Now, a provocative new study has modeled these long-ago outbreaks and suggests that the maligned rodents may not be the culprits after all.

 

The study, published on Monday in the journal PNAS, instead points the finger at human parasites—such as fleas and body lice—for primarily spreading plague bacteria during the Second Pandemic, a series of devastating outbreaks that spanned from the 1300s to the early 1800s.

What Lies Beneath London’s Liverpool Rail Station?

These outbreaks include the infamous Black Death, which wiped out a third of Europe’s population in the mid-1300s, amassing a body count in the tens of millions.

 

“The plague really transformed human history, so it’s really important to understand how it was spreading and why it was spreading so fast,” says lead study author Katharine Dean, a doctoral research fellow at the University of Oslo’s Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis.

DEADLY BITE

When fleas infected with the bacterium Yersinia pestis bite humans, the bacteria can jump into the bloodstream and congregate in humans’ lymph nodes, which are found throughout the body. The infection causes lymph nodes to swell into ghastly “buboes,” the namesakes for bubonic plague. (Find out how plague bacteria evolved.)

 

In cases of plague since the late 1800s—including an outbreak in Madagascar in 2017—rats and other rodents helped spread the disease. If Y. pestis infects rats, the bacterium can pass to fleas that drink the rodents’ blood. When a plague-stricken rat dies, its parasites abandon the corpse and may go on to bite humans.

Because of rats’ role in modern plagues, as well as genetic evidence that medieval plague victims died ofY. pestis , many experts think that rats also spread plague during the Second Pandemic.

 

In 1986, archaeologists uncovered a mass grave in East Smithfield, London, used to bury victims of the Black Death in the 1340s. At the time, one observer said that 200 victims of the plague were being buried each day.

 

PHOTOGRAPH BY MOLA/GETTY

But some historians argue that the Black Death may have spread differently. For one, the Black Death tore through Europe far faster than any modern plague outbreaks. In addition, “rat falls” precede some modern outbreaks, but medieval plague records don’t mention rats dying en masse.

“Geneticists and modern historians were putting the rat into the position [of spreading the plague] and were straining bits of evidence,” saysSamuel Cohn, a University of Glasgow medieval historian who has criticized the rat-flea theory.

VIRTUAL PANDEMIC

As an alternative, some scholars have long toyed with the idea that fleas on humans spread the Black Death. If fleas and lice picked up the plague by biting an infected human, they could potentially hop onto a person in close quarters and transmit the disease.

Mathematically, the patterns in how disease moves through a population are different for the rat-flea and human-parasite modes of transmission. To put them to the test, Dean’s team modeled each with equations that simulated the rise and fall of an outbreak, based on how rats, fleas, and body lice would behave and spread plague.

“It’s basically bookkeeping—you see how people move [in the simulation],” says coauthor Boris Valentijn Schmid, a University of Oslo computational biologist and Dean’s Ph.D. adviser.

 

After running their models many times, Dean and Schmid statistically evaluated which models best matched mortality patterns from nine different European plague outbreaks from the Second Pandemic. To their surprise, they found that in seven of the nine cities they examined, the human-parasite model more closely fit mortality records than the rat-flea model.

“It’s a really cool piece of work,” says Charles “Chick” Macal, a systems scientist at Argonne National Laboratory who models the spread of diseases but wasn’t involved with this study. “It gets at the underlying question of why these outbreaks occur at all.”

Dean and Schmid say that there’s room to improve their models with more experimental data. They also acknowledge that their study is likely going to stir controversy among plague scholars, some of whom passionately argue that rats caused the medieval outbreaks.

 

“In plague, there’s a lot of hot debate,” says Dean, who sees herself and Schmid as more objective observers in this case. “We have no dogs in this fight.”

 
 

January 18th, 2018    

Jan 18, 2018 15:34 Holsworthy mark show human fleas responsible for plague? history of the plague episode 75

human fleas responsible for the Black Death .history of the plague. https://www.google.co.uk/amp/www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2018/01/16/black-death-plague-spread-dirty-humans-not-rats-study-suggests/amp/

January 18th, 2018    

Jan 18, 2018 14:52 Holsworthy mark show Items from the papers episode 74

items from the papers

January 18th, 2018    

Jan 18, 2018 14:41 Holsworthy mark show science news episode 73

science news

January 16th, 2018    

Mount Mayon: Philippines volcano spews out lava

This video has been removed for rights reasons

January 16th, 2018    

Jan 16, 2018 15:22 Holsworthy mark show Items from the papers episode 72

items from the papers

January 16th, 2018    

Wallaby gives police slip on Sydney Bridge

The unusual sight of a wallaby bounding across the Sydney Harbour Bridge has surprised early-morning motorists.

January 15th, 2018    

Jan 15, 2018 15:09 Holsworthy mark show Items from the papers episode 71

items from the papers

January 15th, 2018    

‘Floating on air’ after surgeons remove 19kg tumour

Watch surgeons as they remove a 19.5kg tumour from a woman's body.

January 14th, 2018    

Jan 14, 2018 15:51 Holsworthy mark show talking to Nikki Davies about the paranormal episode 70

paranormal

January 13th, 2018    

Baby Panda Yuan Meng makes debut in France

The first panda ever born in France has gone on display to the public.

January 13th, 2018    

Cloned Newmarket dachshund expecting puppies

Minnie Winnie was created by science after her owner won a competition.

January 13th, 2018    

Smallest cat in world: Footage of rare animal

They weigh about 1kg and their eyes are six times more powerful than ours.

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