MARK ANTONY RAINES PODCAST RADIO STATION

Mark Anthony Raines Podcast Radio Station . .Popcorn for your Brain.Listen. Enjoy. Share. Follow
Jan 31st, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 5:23 pm

Eyes around the globe have been turning to the skies to view the lunar event.

Jan 31st, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:04 pm

items from the papers

Jan 31st, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:15 am

A killer whale is taught to mimic words such as "hello" and "bye bye" in a scientific experiment.

Jan 31st, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:14 am

http://www.syfy.com/syfywire/capcom-offering-cash-prize-for-evidence-of-cryptids

Jan 31st, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:49 am

Arizona-based company Alcor offers cryonic preservation in the hope of reviving you in the future.

Jan 31st, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 6:21 am

A very rare lunar event is due to occur on 31 January.

Jan 30th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 9:19 pm

Jasmine Ahumada, from California, attaches spiders and bees to her face to create her distinctive looks.

Jan 30th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 8:26 pm

Starlings take to the skies to create a spectacular aerial ballet before settling on roost.

audio from itv show this morning

Jan 29th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:14 pm

items from the papers

Jan 29th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:51 am

dementia information

Jan 28th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:00 pm

are we not all the same

Jan 26th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:27 pm

items from the papers

Jan 25th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:46 pm

After two bears are injured in California wildfires, a creative solution to get them back on their feet.

Jan 25th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 5:32 pm

Researchers have taken two years to identify a lady who lived 230 years ago.

Jan 25th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:26 pm

science news

Jan 25th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 3:13 am

Thousands of water stations are being installed to tackle plastic use - with users able to find them via an app.

Jan 24th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 6:48 pm

Two monkeys named Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua have become the first primates to be cloned.

Jan 24th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 1:56 pm

Sir David Attenborough's impassioned speech at the NTAs was all about protecting "our beautiful world".

Jan 24th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:14 pm

items from the papers

Jan 24th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:40 am

Scientists have called for special status to protect coral, penguins and other wildlife in Antarctica.

Jan 23rd, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:04 pm

Holsworthy mark show talking about being on lp by Xtul being mostly about elephants if you wish to know more seek out gonzo weekly a free online magazine.

Jan 22nd, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 4:18 pm

Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov said he had many questions from people asking if it was possible.

Jan 22nd, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:41 am

talking about chi or qi or lifeforce https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/traditional-chinese-medicine/what-qi-and-other-concepts

Jan 21st, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:16 am

talking about universal credit.

Jan 20th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:27 am

sample of still on the track

Jan 20th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:14 am

Todd bonner detroit paranormal expeditions

Jan 20th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:33 am

jenn crockett

Jan 19th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 2:05 pm

Fernando Trujillo works in dangerous areas of the Amazon to save the rare species.

Jan 19th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:01 pm

benefits of having a pet and personal bit episode  82

Jan 19th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:45 am

Holsworthy mark show episode  81 science news

Jan 19th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:45 am

Cryptozoology 

Jan 19th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:44 am

 Bits and bobs 

Jan 19th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:43 am

2 second  podcast 

Jan 19th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:45 am

items from the papers

Jan 18th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:09 pm

 

 
 
 

Maybe Rats Aren't to Blame for the Black Death

A provocative new study suggests that medieval plagues spread via fleas and lice on people.

01-black-plague-rats.adapt.710.1.jpg

 

A domestic rat (Rattus rattus) at the George M. Sutton Avian Research Center.

 

PHOTOGRAPH BY JOEL SARTORE, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC PHOTO ARK

Rats have long been blamed for spreading the parasites that transmitted plaguethroughout medieval Europe and Asia, killing millions of people. Now, a provocative new study has modeled these long-ago outbreaks and suggests that the maligned rodents may not be the culprits after all.

 

The study, published on Monday in the journal PNAS, instead points the finger at human parasites—such as fleas and body lice—for primarily spreading plague bacteria during the Second Pandemic, a series of devastating outbreaks that spanned from the 1300s to the early 1800s.

What Lies Beneath London’s Liverpool Rail Station?

These outbreaks include the infamous Black Death, which wiped out a third of Europe’s population in the mid-1300s, amassing a body count in the tens of millions.

 

“The plague really transformed human history, so it’s really important to understand how it was spreading and why it was spreading so fast,” says lead study author Katharine Dean, a doctoral research fellow at the University of Oslo’s Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis.

DEADLY BITE

When fleas infected with the bacterium Yersinia pestis bite humans, the bacteria can jump into the bloodstream and congregate in humans’ lymph nodes, which are found throughout the body. The infection causes lymph nodes to swell into ghastly “buboes,” the namesakes for bubonic plague. (Find out how plague bacteria evolved.)

 

In cases of plague since the late 1800s—including an outbreak in Madagascar in 2017—rats and other rodents helped spread the disease. If Y. pestis infects rats, the bacterium can pass to fleas that drink the rodents’ blood. When a plague-stricken rat dies, its parasites abandon the corpse and may go on to bite humans.

Because of rats’ role in modern plagues, as well as genetic evidence that medieval plague victims died ofY. pestis , many experts think that rats also spread plague during the Second Pandemic.

 

In 1986, archaeologists uncovered a mass grave in East Smithfield, London, used to bury victims of the Black Death in the 1340s. At the time, one observer said that 200 victims of the plague were being buried each day.

 

PHOTOGRAPH BY MOLA/GETTY

But some historians argue that the Black Death may have spread differently. For one, the Black Death tore through Europe far faster than any modern plague outbreaks. In addition, “rat falls” precede some modern outbreaks, but medieval plague records don’t mention rats dying en masse.

“Geneticists and modern historians were putting the rat into the position [of spreading the plague] and were straining bits of evidence,” saysSamuel Cohn, a University of Glasgow medieval historian who has criticized the rat-flea theory.

VIRTUAL PANDEMIC

As an alternative, some scholars have long toyed with the idea that fleas on humans spread the Black Death. If fleas and lice picked up the plague by biting an infected human, they could potentially hop onto a person in close quarters and transmit the disease.

Mathematically, the patterns in how disease moves through a population are different for the rat-flea and human-parasite modes of transmission. To put them to the test, Dean’s team modeled each with equations that simulated the rise and fall of an outbreak, based on how rats, fleas, and body lice would behave and spread plague.

“It’s basically bookkeeping—you see how people move [in the simulation],” says coauthor Boris Valentijn Schmid, a University of Oslo computational biologist and Dean’s Ph.D. adviser.

 

After running their models many times, Dean and Schmid statistically evaluated which models best matched mortality patterns from nine different European plague outbreaks from the Second Pandemic. To their surprise, they found that in seven of the nine cities they examined, the human-parasite model more closely fit mortality records than the rat-flea model.

“It’s a really cool piece of work,” says Charles “Chick” Macal, a systems scientist at Argonne National Laboratory who models the spread of diseases but wasn’t involved with this study. “It gets at the underlying question of why these outbreaks occur at all.”

Dean and Schmid say that there’s room to improve their models with more experimental data. They also acknowledge that their study is likely going to stir controversy among plague scholars, some of whom passionately argue that rats caused the medieval outbreaks.

 

“In plague, there’s a lot of hot debate,” says Dean, who sees herself and Schmid as more objective observers in this case. “We have no dogs in this fight.”

 
 
Jan 18th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:37 am

human fleas responsible for the Black Death .history of the plague. https://www.google.co.uk/amp/www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2018/01/16/black-death-plague-spread-dirty-humans-not-rats-study-suggests/amp/

Jan 18th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:53 am

items from the papers

Jan 18th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:42 am

science news

Jan 16th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 7:33 pm

This video has been removed for rights reasons

Jan 16th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:23 am

items from the papers

Jan 16th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 3:02 am

The unusual sight of a wallaby bounding across the Sydney Harbour Bridge has surprised early-morning motorists.

Jan 15th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:10 am

items from the papers

Jan 15th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:44 am

Watch surgeons as they remove a 19.5kg tumour from a woman's body.

Jan 14th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 11:53 am

paranormal

Jan 13th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 3:45 pm

The first panda ever born in France has gone on display to the public.

Jan 13th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 10:45 am

Minnie Winnie was created by science after her owner won a competition.

Jan 13th, 2018 by Holsworthy mark show no 1 in Southwest England at 12:11 am

They weigh about 1kg and their eyes are six times more powerful than ours.